Jet fuel (Jet A-1, ATK)
Aviation turbine kerosene or ATK (Jet A-1 type aviation fuel, also called JP-1A) is used globally in the turbine engines (jet engines, turboprops) in civil aviation. This is carefully refined and light petroleum. ATK is a similar kerosene fuel type and posses standard of DERO 2494 and in range of vaporizing act like kerosene for home usage. This fuel by appropriate additives and special process refined for use as aviation fuel. High flammability at 40 °C makes this aviation fuel suitable for all kind of turbine engines in passenger planes and some war planes. After refining, aviation fuel is mixed with extremely small amounts of several additives. Additives are oil-soluble additive agents or active substances that are added to propulsion fuels, heating fuels and lubricants in order to achieve or optimize certain traits and/or suppress undesirable characteristics. These additives prevent the fuel igniting in an uncontrolled manner, stop deposits from forming in the turbine, or the aviation fuel becoming electrically charged. There are also additives that prevent the growth of organisms in aviation fuel. Certain other additives ensure that the jet fuel does not freeze: The air temperature at cruising altitude is often below -30°C (-22°F), and aviation fuel freezing would have life-threatening consequences. Due to the very high demands of aircraft engines on jet fuel, this fuel is subject to very comprehensive, internationally standardized quality specifications. This fuel is the principal fuel used for jet turbine engines. It is also used in general aviation for compatible diesel engine planes.