Kerosene, also known as paraffin, is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum with 10 to 16 carbon atoms in both straight chain and branched formations (C10-C16). It is widely used as a fuel in aviation as well as households. kerosene is a low viscosity, clear liquid formed from hydrocarbons obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum between 150 and 275 °C, resulting in a mixture with a density of 0.78–0.81 g/cm3
Kerosene is a major component of aviation fuel, making up more than 60% of the fuel. In addition, it can be used as an oil in central heating systems and can be used as a cleaning agent. it is used extensively in the developing world for cooking, heating, and lighting. Kerosene is often seen as a good alternative to solid fuels, biomass, and coal and thus kerosene lanterns are used in places where access to electricity is not available.